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Noise-controlled signal transmission in a multithread semiconductor neuron

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journal contribution
posted on 11.07.2013, 11:17 by A. Samardak, A. Nogaret, Natalia JansonNatalia Janson, Alexander BalanovAlexander Balanov, I. Farrer, David A. Ritchie
We report on stochastic effects in a new class of semiconductor structures that accurately imitate the electrical activity of biological neurons. In these devices, electrons and holes play the role of K+ and Na+ ions that give the action potentials in real neurons. The structure propagates and delays electrical pulses via a web of spatially distributed transmission lines. We study the transmission of a periodic signal through a noisy semiconductor neuron. Using experimental data and a theoretical model we demonstrate that depending on the noise level and the amplitude of the useful signal, transmission is enhanced by a variety of nonlinear phenomena, such as stochastic resonance, coherence resonance, and stochastic synchronization.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Physics

Citation

SAMARDAK, A. ... et al., 2009. Noise-controlled signal transmission in a multithread semiconductor neuron. Physical Review Letters, 102 (22), 226802, 4pp.

Publisher

© American Physical Society

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publication date

2009

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Physical Review Letters [© American Physical Society]. It is also available at: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.226802

ISSN

0031-9007

Language

en

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