Novel polysaccharide hybrid scaffold loaded with hydroxyapatite: Fabrication, bioactivity, and in vivo study
journal contributionposted on 27.11.2018, 13:48 by Khairy M. Tohamy, Islam E. Soliman, Mostafa Mabrouk, Shaimaa ElShebiney, Hanan H. Beherei, Mohamed A. Aboelnasr, Diganta DasDiganta Das
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The main goal of this study was to produce a novel porous scaffold for rapid in vivo bone healing behavior. Lyophilization technique was used to produce this highly porous hybrid scaffold from Na-alginate (S) and hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC) impregnated with different concentration of hydroxyapatite (HA). After cross-linking the scaffolds, their incubation was carried out in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 4 weeks at 37 °C to investigate their bioactivity. A number of techniques were employed (e.g., XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, and texture analyzer) to characterize the designed scaffolds. It was observed that the mechanical properties of the scaffolds increase deformation energy (182 ± 16 J/m3) and rigidity gradient (19.44 ± 0.85 Pa) after loading with HA. Furthermore, the scaffolds were implanted in femur critical size defects (2 mm) of adult male Wistar rats for 6 weeks. In vitro and in vivo analyses demonstrated impressive bioactivity and biocompatibility for the prepared scaffolds, especially those containing HA. Based on the obtained results we conclude that the designed scaffolds are promising solutions for bone regeneration applications.
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