Oblique spatial dispersive shock waves in nonlinear Schrodinger flows
journal contributionposted on 07.04.2017, 09:18 by M.A. Hoefer, Gennady El, A.M. Kamchatnov
In dispersive media, hydrodynamic singularities are resolved by coherent wavetrains known as dispersive shock waves (DSWs). Only dynamically expanding, temporal DSWs are possible in one-dimensional media. The additional degree of freedom inherent in two-dimensional media allows for the generation of time-independent DSWs that exhibit spatial expansion. Spatial oblique DSWs, dispersive analogs of oblique shocks in classical media, are constructed utilizing Whitham modulation theory for a class of nonlinear Schrodinger boundary value problems. Self-similar, simple wave solutions of the modulation equations yield relations between the DSW’s orientation and the upstream/downstream flow fields. Time dependent numerical simulations demonstrate a convective or absolute instability of oblique DSWs in supersonic flow over obstacles. The convective instability results in an effective stabilization of the DSW.
M.A.H. was partially supported by NSF CAREER DMS-1255422 and DMS-1008973. A.M.K. was partially supported by RFBR grant No. 16-01-00398.
- Mathematical Sciences