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On building sustainable communities: A perspective for HFE practitioners

journal contribution
posted on 21.06.2021, 14:24 by Murray SinclairMurray Sinclair, Michael HenshawMichael Henshaw, SL Henshaw
This paper is aimed mainly at Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) practitioners. It addresses the sustainability of communities, since without them there is no real human future. It also fits current concerns about climate change and general sustainability. However, our understanding of the characteristics of sustainable communities is still insufficient, as is evidenced by the different perspectives extant in the HFE literature. This paper provides a further perspective based on systems ergonomics, intended both to extend our socio-technical understanding and to assist HFE practitioners in contributing to a broad approach by which to contribute to the never-ending renewal process for these communities. Without such an approach many communities will become unsustainable, with collapse as their end, as Tainter originally, icily, explained (Tainter 1988). The paper begins with a definition of a ‘sustainable community’, including its legal basis. Its sustainability goals are outlined, based mainly on principles of social justice, since without people there is no community. Then there is a discussion of the characteristics of sustainable communities, the classes of resources available to maintain sustainability, and some of the complexities and hindrances to this maintenance. The last sections link this conceptual landscape to HFE practice by outlining approaches and processes that move from the conceptual landscape in this paper to current practice.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Design and Creative Arts

Department

  • Design

Published in

Applied Ergonomics

Volume

96

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Elsevier

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Applied Ergonomics and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103476.

Acceptance date

21/05/2021

Publication date

2021-06-14

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

0003-6870

eISSN

1872-9126

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Murray Sinclair. Deposit date: 20 June 2021

Article number

103476