On the preparation of lecithin-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions by multi-stage premix membrane emulsification
journal contributionposted on 27.07.2012, 11:52 by Jeonghee Surh, Young Gyu Jeong, Goran Vladisavljevic
We report on the preparation and characterization of lecithin-stabilizedoil-in-wateremulsions (10 or 20 wt% corn oil, 2 wt% lecithin, pH 3, 100 or 150 kPa) by multi-stagepremixmembraneemulsification using a Shirasu porous glassmembrane (mean pore size 8 μm). Structural characteristics of the emulsions such as droplet size distribution, mean droplet diameter, and morphology were measured by using a laser light scattering and optical microscopy, respectively. As the number of passes through the membrane increased from 1 to 5, the transmembrane flux decreased from 30 to 1 m3 m−2 h−1. It demonstrates that lecithin emulsifier, even if its net charge is negative (pKa ∼ pH 1.5), tends to foul SPG membrane by blocking the membrane pores, which was attributed to the possible interaction between positive groups on the lecithin molecules with anionic silanol groups on the membrane surface.
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Chemical Engineering