Optical diagnostics studies of air flow and powder fluidisation in Nexthaler®. Part II: Use of fluorescent imaging to characterise transient release of fines from a dry powder inhaler
journal contributionposted on 11.09.2018, 12:55 by C. Merusi, G. Brambilla, Edward LongEdward Long, Graham Hargrave, Hendrik VersteegHendrik Versteeg
© 2018 The fine particle fraction is a key indicator of therapeutic effectiveness of inhaled pharmaceutical aerosols. This paper presents a fluorescence imaging technique to visualise and characterise the emission of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) fines in model formulations containing coarse lactose carrier and 1.5–2 μm diameter fluorescent microspheres (model API fines). A two-camera arrangement was used to acquire simultaneous images of spatial and temporal distribution of model API fines and fluidised powder formulation near the mouthpiece exit of a DPI. Digital image analysis showed that the model API fines were released along with the bulk of the powder dose. More rapidly accelerating airflows were found to cause earlier release of API fines. The fluorescence imaging technique analyses a substantial fraction of the aerosol plume and was found to provide effective time-resolved characterisation of the de-aggregation and release of API fines with consistent results across a wide range of model API concentrations. Future studies should demonstrate the usefulness of the fluorescence imaging technique across different formulations and DPI devices.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering