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Overview of porous media/metal foam application in fuel cells and solar power systems

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journal contribution
posted on 24.09.2018 by Weng C. Tan, Lip H. Saw, Hui S. Thiam, Jin Xuan, Zuansi Cai, Ming C. Yew
Fuel cells and solar energy are promising candidates for electricity generation. It is forecast that fuel cells and solar power systems will play an important role in reducing the greenhouse gas footprint and replacing fossil fuels. Therefore, the limitations of fuel cells and solar power systems, such as low efficiency, high cost, and low reliability, must be addressed appropriately to enable their full potentials. Metal foam is a new class of material that has gained immense attention due to its excellent properties suitable for a wide range of applications. Its unique characteristics distinguish it from typical solid metals. The properties of metal foam can be modified during the fabrication stage by manipulating its physical structure. The goal of this paper is to review the application of metal foam in fuel cells and solar power systems. Besides, the performance of metal foam in fuel cells and solar systems is also discussed. Metal foam has been applied to the electrodes, gas diffusion layer and flow field of fuel cells to enhance performance, especially in regard to current density and flow distribution. Furthermore, metal foam is a heat exchanger for the solar energy harvesting system to improve its efficiency. Superior performances in experimental testing allows the possibility of commercialization of metal foam products in the renewable energy field.

Funding

This work is supported by UTARRF Grant No. IPSR/RMC/UTARRF/2016-C1/T8 and Science fund Grant No. 03-02-11-SF0216 from the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Malaysia.

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Chemical Engineering

Published in

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Volume

96

Pages

181 - 197

Citation

TAN, W.C. ... et al, 2018. Overview of porous media/metal foam application in fuel cells and solar power systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 96, pp.181-197.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.07.032

Acceptance date

20/07/2018

Publication date

2018-08-07

ISSN

1364-0321

Language

en

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