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Parent-based training of basic number skills in Down Syndrome children using an adaptive computer game

journal contribution
posted on 25.02.2021, 11:08 by Silvia Lanfranchi, Sara Onnivello, Maristella Lunardon, Francesco Sella, Marco Zorzi
Background Numeracy is an area of difficulty for children with Down Syndrome (DS). It has been demonstrated that “The Number Race”, a non-commercial adaptive computer game designed to foster basic mathematical abilities, represents a promising instrument to enhance these skills in children with DS when delivered by an expert in a clinical setting.
Aims In the present study, we assessed the efficacy of the Number Race when administered at home by properly instructed and remotely supervised parents.
Methods and Procedures Basic numerical skills were assessed before and after training, as well as at three-months follow-up. Performance of children with DS who worked at home with the parent (PG) was compared with that of children who received the training by an expert (EG). For both groups, the training lasted ten weeks, with two weekly sessions of 20-30 minutes.
Outcomes and Results Results show that both groups improved across various measures of numerical proficiency, including the overall score of the numeracy assessment battery, while only the EG showed an improvement in a measure of mental calculation. The improvements were maintained three months after the end of the training.
Conclusions and Implications These findings confirm the efficacy of The Number Race and extend it to a home-based setting, whereby parents administer the training with external supervision.

Funding

Fondation Jérôme Lejeune (#1595)

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Mathematical Sciences

Published in

Research in Developmental Disabilities

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Research in Developmental Disabilities and the definitive published version is available at

Acceptance date

22/02/2021

ISSN

0891-4222

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Francesco Sella. Deposit date: 24 February 2021

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