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Parent-based training of basic number skills in children with Down syndrome using an adaptive computer game

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journal contribution
posted on 15.04.2021, 11:28 by Silvia Lanfranchi, Sara Onnivello, Maristella Lunardon, Francesco SellaFrancesco Sella, Marco Zorzi
Background Numeracy is an area of difficulty for children with Down Syndrome (DS). It has been demonstrated that “The Number Race”, a non-commercial adaptive computer game designed to foster basic mathematical abilities, represents a promising instrument to enhance these skills in children with DS when delivered by an expert in a clinical setting.
Aims In the present study, we assessed the efficacy of the Number Race when administered at home by properly instructed and remotely supervised parents.
Methods and Procedures Basic numerical skills were assessed before and after training, as well as at three-months follow-up. Performance of children with DS who worked at home with the parent (PG) was compared with that of children who received the training by an expert (EG). For both groups, the training lasted ten weeks, with two weekly sessions of 20-30 minutes.
Outcomes and Results Results show that both groups improved across various measures of numerical proficiency, including the overall score of the numeracy assessment battery, while only the EG showed an improvement in a measure of mental calculation. The improvements were maintained three months after the end of the training.
Conclusions and Implications These findings confirm the efficacy of The Number Race and extend it to a home-based setting, whereby parents administer the training with external supervision.

Funding

Fondation Jérôme Lejeune (#1595)

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Mathematics Education Centre

Published in

Research in Developmental Disabilities

Volume

112

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

22/02/2021

Publication date

2021-03-06

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

0891-4222

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Francesco Sella. Deposit date: 24 February 2021

Article number

103919