Particulate clusters and permeability in porous media
journal contributionposted on 21.09.2012, 09:21 by B.A. Di Giovanni, Faiz Mahdi, Victor Starov, Richard Holdich
The permeability of particulate colloidal titanium dioxide, P25, was investigated during sedimentation, permeation and filtration when suspended in water at a consistent ionic strength similar to tap water. Happel’s cell model of permeability was used to determine the apparent particle size during these processes, and compared with the size of particle clusters measured using laser diffraction under identical ionic conditions and varying degree of shear. The primary particle size of the P25 was determined to be 28 nm, from consideration of the surface area and density of the particles, and the cluster size during permeation and filtration was close to 100 nm. During sedimentation the cluster size was determined to be close to 10 m, which is the same size obtained by laser diffraction when measuring under conditions of low shear. Using the above two sizes (28 nm and 10 m) as limits in Happel’s permeability model it was possible to determine an ‘operating envelope’ of permeability that matched the experimentally measured values for the sedimentation, permeation and filtration processes.
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