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Passage and deformation of oil drops through non-converging and converging micro-sized slotted pore membranes

journal contribution
posted on 17.07.2017, 08:40 by Asmat Ullah, S.W. Khan, Abdul Shakoor, Victor Starov
The model presented in the paper is the continuation of the previous work where a mathematical model was developed for the passage and deformation of micro-sized oil drops through a 4 μm converging slotted pore membrane. In the previous work, it was assumed that drops deform from a spherical shape to a prolate spheroid when pass through a converging slot. In the present study, it has been assumed that drops deform into an oblate spheroid while passing through a non-converging slot and a mathematical model is developed for the deformation of drops through non-converging slots. After extending the idea of static and drag forces, it is readily seen that the magnitude of static force (Fcx) for the non-converging slotted pore membrane is higher than the static force for the converging slotted pore membranes. This is because of drops deform suddenly in the non-converging slots, while, in case of converging slots, the drops deform gradually. Micro-sized oil drops of two systems with different interfacial tensions (4 and 9 mN/m) have been used in the study and it is observed that a higher interfacial tension leads to a higher rejection rate for both converging and non-converging slotted pore membranes at various in-pore filtration velocities.

Funding

This work was supported by KPK (NWFP) University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar Pakistan and Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan.

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Chemical Engineering

Published in

Separation and Purification Technology

Volume

119

Pages

7 - 13

Citation

ULLAH, A. ...et al., 2013. Passage and deformation of oil drops through non-converging and converging micro-sized slotted pore membranes. Separation and Purification Technology, 119, pp. 7-13.

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2013

Notes

This paper is in closed access.

ISSN

1383-5866

Language

en