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Peacebuilding and statebuilding in post-2011 Cote d’Ivoire: A victor’s peace?

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journal contribution
posted on 29.06.2017, 08:18 authored by Giulia PiccolinoGiulia Piccolino
In 2011, Cote d’Ivoire emerged from a protracted politico-military crisis not through peace negotiations, but thanks to the military defeat of former president Laurent Gbagbo and his associates. Relatively little has been written about the restoration of peace after a decisive military victory and about experiences of post-conflict reconstructions where the international community does not play a leading role. Quantitative scholarship has contended that victory makes restoring peace relatively uncomplicated. In contrast, strategic scholarship has insisted that winning the war does not automatically mean ‘winning the peace’. Victors, especially former insurgents, have to maintain cohesion within the winning coalition and to co-opt or repress residual resistance from the vanquished if they want to consolidate their rule. Moreover, former insurgents often struggle to implement their vision of post-conflict governance. In Cote d’Ivoire, the winning coalition showed risks of implosion after 2011, but has been up to now able to contain them. The Ouattara administration has been able to develop its own vision of post conflict reconstruction, drawing from Ivorian political tradition and the president’s distinctive personality. However, this political project faces future obstacles, particularly in view of Ouattara’s probable retirement from politics in 2020.

History

Department

  • Politics and International Studies

Published in

African Affairs

Volume

117

Issue

468

Pages

485–508

Citation

PICCOLINO, G., 2018. Peacebuilding and statebuilding in post-2011 Cote d’Ivoire: A victor’s peace? African Affairs, 117(468), pp. 485–508.

Publisher

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal African Society.

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in African Affairs following peer review. The version of record PICCOLINO, G., 2018. Peacebuilding and statebuilding in post-2011 Cote d’Ivoire: A victor’s peace? African Affairs, 117(468), pp. 485–508 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/afraf/article/117/468/485/5040444 and https://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/ady020.

Acceptance date

20/06/2017

Publication date

2018-06-18

ISSN

0001-9909

eISSN

1468-2621

Language

en

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