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Perovskite SrFe1-xTixO3-δ (x < = 0.1) cathode for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell

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journal contribution
posted on 03.05.2018, 10:37 by Naveed Mushtaq, Chen Xia, Wenjing Dong, G. Abbas, Rizwan Raza, Amjad Ali, Sajid Rauf, Baoyuan Wang, Jung-Sik Kim, Bin Zhu
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. Stable and compatible cathode materials are a key factor for realizing the low-temperature (LT, ≤600 °C) operation and practical implementations of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). In this study, perovskite oxides SrFe 1-x Ti x O 3-δ (x < = 0.1), with various ratios of Ti doping, are prepared by a sol-gel method for cathode material for LT-SOFCs. The structure, morphology and thermo-gravimetric characteristics of the resultant SFT powders are investigated. It is found that the Ti is successfully doped into SrFeO 3-δ to form a single phase cubic perovskite structure and crystal structure of SFT shows better stability than SrFeO 3-δ . The dc electrical conductivity and electrochemical properties of SFT are measured and analysed by four-probe and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) measurements, respectively. The obtained SFT exhibits a very low polarization resistance (R p ),.01 Ωcm 2 at 600◦C. The SFT powders using as cathode in fuel cell devices, exhibit maximum power density of 551 mW cm −2 with open circuit voltage (OCV) of 1.15 V at 600◦C. The good performance of the SFT cathode indicates a high rate of oxygen diffusion through the material at cathode. By enabling operation at low temperatures, SFT cathodes may result in a practical implementation of SOFCs.


This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under the grant # 11604088 and NSFC 51772080.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

Ceramics International


MUSHTAQ, N. ...et al., 2018. Perovskite SrFe1-xTixO3-δ (x < = 0.1) cathode for low temperature solid oxide fuel cell. Ceramics International, 44(9), pp. 10266-10272.


© Elsevier and Techna Group S.r.l.


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This paper was published in the journal Ceramics International and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.03.033.