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Physical activity, sedentary time and cardiometabolic health in heavy goods vehicle drivers: a cross-sectional analysis
journal contributionposted on 11.01.2022, 12:19 authored by Katharina RuettgerKatharina Ruettger, Veronica Varela-MatoVeronica Varela-Mato, Yu-Ling Chen, Charlotte Edwardson, Amber GuestAmber Guest, Nicholas Gilson, Laura Gray, Nicola PaineNicola Paine, Aron SherryAron Sherry, Mohsen SayyahMohsen Sayyah, Thomas Yates, James KingJames King, Stacy ClemesStacy Clemes
Objective: Physical inactivity, prolonged sitting, and unhealthy dietary habits are common in Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) drivers. These factors increase risk of long-term health conditions. Methods: 329 HGV drivers across 25 UK depots completed a health assessment, including questionnaire completion, and objectively measured anthropometrics, blood biomarkers, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour. Results: The sample demonstrated a high-risk cardiometabolic health profile. 88.1% were overweight or had obesity, 11.9% had pre-diabetes or diabetes. 28.3% had hypertension, 83.6% had clinically elevated circulating LDL-cholesterol concentrations (>2mmol/l), and 66.6% had high total cholesterol levels (>4 mmol/l). On workdays drivers accumulated 12 hrs/day of sitting, 1.7 hrs/day of light PA (LPA) and 9.8 mins/day of moderate-to-vigorous PA. Associations between LPA and cardiometabolic markers were observed. Conclusion: This sample presents high levels of inactivity, overweight and obesity, and unhealthy cardiometabolic health profiles.
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences