Political business cycles in post-communist European countries
journal contributionposted on 07.10.2021, 13:26 by Abdullo Pulatov, Ahmad Hassan AhmadAhmad Hassan Ahmad
This paper analyses political business cycles in ten former European communist countries. The dataset used covers the period 1990-2018. The results show that the political business cycle (PBCs) manifests itself in these countries through both fiscal and monetary policy. Changes in government expenditure during election times are found to be significant in reducing unemployment. Hence, it signals there is a politically driven fiscal expansion. The results also show the importance of institutional quality in reducing the effects of the PBCs. The monetary policy models indicate that changes in money stock during and around election times affects the unemployment rate. Undertaking a sub-sample analysis of the non-EU and EU members highlights the case that membership of the EU is an important factor in preventing the development of PBCs.
- Business and Economics