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Post-trip safety interventions: state-of-the-art, challenges, and practical implications

journal contribution
posted on 19.04.2021, 09:56 by Eva Michelaraki, Christos Katrakazas, George Yannis, Ashleigh FiltnessAshleigh Filtness, Rachel TalbotRachel Talbot, Graham HancoxGraham Hancox, Fran Pilkington-CheneyFran Pilkington-Cheney, Kris Brijs, Veerle Ross, Hélène Dirix, An Neven, Roeland Paul, Tom Brijs, Petros Fortsakis, Eleni Konstantina Frantzola, Rodrigo Taveira
Currently, risky driving behavior is a major contributor to road crashes and as a result, wide array of tools have been developed in order to record and improve driving behavior. Within that group of tools, interventions have been indicated to significantly enhance driving behavior and road safety. This study critically reviews monitoring technologies that provide post-trip interventions, such as retrospective visual feedback, gamification, rewards or penalties, in order to inform an appropriate driver mentoring strategy delivered after each trip. The work presented here is part of the European Commission H2020 i-DREAMS project. The reviewed platform characteristics were obtained through commercially available solutions as well as a comprehensive literature search in popular scientific databases, such as Scopus and Google Scholar. Focus was given on state-of-the-art-technologies for post-trip interventions utilized in four different transport modes (i.e. car, truck, bus and rail) associated with risk prevention and mitigation. The synthesized results revealed that smartphone applications and webbased platforms are the most accepted, frequently and easiest to use tools in cars, buses and trucks across all papers considered, while limited evidence of post-trip interventions in -rail was found. The majority of smartphone applications detected mobile phone use and harsh events and provided individual performance scores, while in-vehicle systems provided delayed visual reports through a web-based platform. Gamification and appropriate rewards appeared to be effective solutions, as it was found that they keep drivers motivated in improving their driving skills, but it was clear that these cannot be performed in isolation and a combination with other strategies (i.e. driver coaching and support) might be beneficial. Nevertheless, as there is no holistic and cross-modal post-trip intervention solution developed in real-world environments, challenges associated with post-trip feedback provision and suggestions on practical implementation are also provided.

Funding

European Union's Horizon 2020 i-DREAMS project (Project Number: 814761) funded by European Commission under the MG-2-1-2018 Research and Innovation Action (RIA)

History

School

  • Design and Creative Arts

Department

  • Design

Published in

Journal of Safety Research

Volume

77

Pages

67-85

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© National Safety Council and Elsevier

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Safety Research and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2021.02.005.

Acceptance date

04/02/2021

Publication date

2021-03-31

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

0022-4375

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Graham Hancox Deposit date: 12 February 2021