Loughborough University
Wadley (2018) - Preliminary evidence of reductive stress in human cytotoxic T-cells following exercise.pdf (640.24 kB)

Preliminary evidence of reductive stress in human cytotoxic T-cells following exercise

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-05-08, 10:59 authored by Alex Wadley, Adrian Holliday, Rhys G. Morgan, Kate J. Heesom, Sarah Aldred, Derek M. Peters, Allain A. Bueno, Steven J. Coles
This study investigated immunophenotypic differences in intracellular thiol redox state of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from trained (TR, n=9, mean {plus minus} SD: age 28 {plus minus} 5 years; BMI 23.2 {plus minus} 2.6 kg·m2; VO2max 56.9 {plus minus} 6.1 ml·kg-1·min-1) and recreationally active (RA, n=11, mean {plus minus} SD: age 27 {plus minus} 6 years; BMI 24.2 {plus minus} 3.7 kg·m2; VO2max 45.1 {plus minus} 6.4 ml·kg-1·min-1) participants before and after a maximal aerobic exercise tolerance test. Blood samples were taken before (PRE), during (sample acquired at 70% HRmax), immediately (POST+0) and 15 minutes post-exercise (POST+15). PBMCs were isolated and reduced thiol analysis (fluorescein-5 maleimide (F5M)) by immunophenotype (CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+) was performed using flow cytometry. A significant increase in cellular F5M fluorescence was observed in CD3+ T-cells at POST+0, with changes driven to a greater extent by CD8+ T-cells (fold change in both groups CD4: +2.3, CD8: +2.8; p<0.05). Further analysis revealed a population of highly reduced CD8+ T-cells (CD8+T-reduced+) that significantly increased from PRE to POST+0 in RA participants only (RA: +272 cell/µL, p<0.05). To further understand these results, CD8+T-reduced+ and CD8+T-reduced- cells were analysed for immunophenotype in response to the same exercise protocol (n=6, mean {plus minus} SD: age 24 {plus minus} 5 years; BMI 25.7 {plus minus} 4.1 kg·m-2; VO2max 41.33 {plus minus} 7.63 ml·kg-1·min-1). CD8+T-reduced+ had significantly less lymphoid homing potential (CCR7) POST+0 compared to PRE. This study is the first to demonstrate that lymphocyte populations become more reductive in response to acute exercise.


University of Worcester UK



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Journal of Applied Physiology


WADLEY, A.J. ... et al, 2018. Preliminary evidence of reductive stress in human cytotoxic T-cells following exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 125(2), pp. 586-595.


American Physiological Society © Journal of Applied Physiology


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Applied Physiology and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01137.2017






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