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Prevalence and Predictors of Osteoporosis and Osteopenia in Postmenopausal Women of Punjab, India.pdf (1023.28 kB)

Prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis and osteopenia in postmenopausal women of Punjab, India

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posted on 2022-03-16, 13:31 authored by Rubanpal Khinda, Srishti Valecha, Nitin Kumar, J. P. S. Walia, Kuldeep Singh, Sudhir Sethi, Avtar Singh, Monica Singh, Puneetpal Singh, Sarabjit MastanaSarabjit Mastana
The prevalence and predictors of osteoporosis and osteopenia remain to be examined in the postmenopausal women of Punjab, India. The present cross-sectional study screened 1628 post-menopausal women during September 2019 to March 2020. Osteoporosis and osteopenia were confirmed on the basis of T-scores using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the hip (femoral neck) and lumbar spine regions (L1–L4 vertebrae). The prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was observed to be 30.50% and 44.20%, respectively, in postmenopausal women of Punjab. In univariable and multivariable regression analysis, variables independently influencing the risk of osteoporosis and osteopenia were: higher systolic blood pressure (95%CI: 1.22–3.11 & 1.08–2.49), triglyceride levels (95%CI: 1.21–3.10 & 1.42–2.51), poor sleep quality (95%CI: 1.91–2.47 & 1.76–3.47) and C-reactive protein levels (95%CI: 2.18–3.56 & 1.03–2.18). Years since menopause >10 years was observed to be an independent predictor for the risk of osteopenia but not for osteoporosis. Higher body mass index (>30 kg·m−2) was observed to be a significant protective factor against the risk of osteoporosis (95%CI: 0.26–0.68) and osteopenia (95%CI: 0.19–0.52). The higher prevalence rates of osteoporosis and osteopenia in postmenopausal women of Punjab are alarming, which solicits awareness and earlier testing of those women who are approaching menopause.

Funding

Department of Science and Technology, Science and Engineering Research Board (DST-SERB), New Delhi (EMR/2016/0061)

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Volume

19

Issue

5

Publisher

MDPI

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

2022-03-03

Publication date

2022-03-04

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

1661-7827

eISSN

1660-4601

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Sarabjit Mastana. Deposit date: 15 March 2022

Article number

2999

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