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Racism is not just hate speech: Ethnonationalist victimhood in YouTube comments about the Roma during Covid-19
Research shows that racism and xenophobia soared during the Covid-19 pandemic and this was certainly the case with the Roma in Romania. In this article, using critical discourse analysis, we analyse comments left below a television news clip posted on YouTube early in the crisis. This gives us valuable access to the way racism and xenophobia are linguistically expressed in social media, particularly in this Romanian context. It yields insights into how more overt forms of racism can sit alongside others which are less so, all united by a sense of shared embittered victimhood on behalf of Romanian citizens. We show how this takes place as the affordances of social media allow for a collective expression of frustration and mobilisation, reflecting on how social media may increase exposure to more extreme forms of racism.
- Loughborough University London
Published inLanguage in Society
Pages511 - 531
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
- VoR (Version of Record)
Rights holder© The Author(s)
Publisher statementThis article has been published in a revised form in Language in Society https://doi.org/10.1017/s0047404522000070. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use. © The Author(s). This version is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND licence. No commercial re-distribution or re-use allowed. Derivative works cannot be distributed.