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Real-time integration of prototypes in the product development process

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-04-12, 11:09 authored by Bingjian Liu, Ian Campbell, Eujin Pei
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify the strengths and weaknesses associated with physical and virtual prototyping and propose an approach that utilises a real-time integration of both methods through an automated process. Design/methodology/approach - Following a literature review, the paper presents the results of a survey investigating the current use of prototyping. It then discusses a series of trials that were developed for the proposed tool. Findings - Physical and virtual prototypes are not competitive but rather complementary. An integrated real-time system would reduce cost and shorten the product design process. Originality/value - This paper provides recommendations on how real-time integration of both physical and virtual prototypes could potentially streamline the new product development process. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.



  • Design


LIU, B., CAMPBELL, R.I and PEI, E., 2013. Real-time integration of prototypes in the product development process. Assembly Automation, 33 (1), pp. 22 - 28.


© Emerald Group Publishing Limited


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date



This article was published in the journal, Assembly Automation [© Emerald Group Publishing Limited] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01445151311294621




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