JägerEtAl, 2017 - Reciprocal Control in Adaptive Environments.pdf (555.48 kB)

Reciprocal control in adaptive environments

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journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2017, 11:53 by Nils Jager, Holger Schnadelbach, Jonathan Hale, David Kirk, Kevin Glover
Computing has become an established part of the built environment augmenting it to become adap- tive. We generally assume that we control the adaptive environments we inhabit. Using an existing adaptive environment prototype, we conducted a controlled study testing how the reversal of control (where the environment attempts to influence the behaviour of the inhabitant) would affect participants. Most participants changed their respiratory behaviour in accordance with this environmental manipulation. Behavioural change occurred either consciously or unconsciously. We explain the two different paths leading participants to behavioural change: (i) we adapt the model of interbodily resonance, a process of bodily interaction observable between, for example, partners engaged in verbal dialogue, to describe the unconscious bodily response to subtle changes in the environment and (ii) we apply the model of secondary control, an adjustment of one’s own expectations to maintain the pretence of control, to describe conscious cognitive adaptation to the changing environment. We also discuss potential applications of our findings in therapeutic and other settings.

Funding

This work was supported by EPSRC Grants EP/P505658/1 and EP/M000877/1 as well as the University of Nottingham via the Nottingham Research Fellowship ‘The Built Environment as the Interface to Personal Data’.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

Interacting with Computers

Volume

29

Pages

512 - 529

Citation

JAEGER, N. ... et al, 2017. Reciprocal control in adaptive environments. Interacting with Computers, 29 (4), pp. 512-529.

Publisher

Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. © The Author

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Publication date

2017

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Oxford University Press under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ISSN

0953-5438

eISSN

1873-7951

Language

en

Licence

Exports