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Referee Abuse Intention to Quit and Well-Being.pdf (983.21 kB)

Referee abuse, intention to quit, and well-being

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-06, 16:58 authored by Paul DownwardPaul Downward, Tom Webb, Peter Dawson

There are growing levels of abuse toward match officials in sport as well as general problems of their recruitment and retention. Purpose: This study analyzes the role that physical and nonphysical abuse has on association football referees’ intentions to quit and their personal well-being. Methods: Drawing on pooled survey data of association football referees from the UK and Canada, this paper employs probit, ordinary least squares, and treatment effects regression analyses to explore the casual relationship between the physical and nonphysical abuse faced by referees, their intention to quit and their well-being. Results: Although physical abuse is less common than nonphysical abuse both affect the intention to quit and well-being of officials. Moreover, those that do not contemplate quitting also face reductions in their well-being. Conclusion: The research recommends a zero-tolerance approach to all forms of abuse of officials in sport and identifies that organizations have a duty of care for the well-being of their officials.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Volume

95

Issue

1

Pages

207 - 217

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.

Acceptance date

2023-02-16

Publication date

2023-04-11

Copyright date

2023

ISSN

0270-1367

eISSN

2168-3824

Language

  • en

Depositor

Prof Paul Downward. Deposit date: 27 February 2023

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