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Vaughan etal Reflection impulsivity in athletes A cross sectional and longitudinal investigation.pdf (820.61 kB)

Reflection-impulsivity in athletes: a cross-sectional and longitudinal investigation

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-12-08, 15:51 authored by Robert S Vaughan, Jack D Hagyard, Elizabeth J Edwards, Robin JacksonRobin Jackson
Reflection-impulsivity is a dimension of cognitive or decision-making style. We conducted two quasi-experimental studies to examine reflection-impulsivity in athletes using an information sampling task. In Study 1 (n = 108; Mage = 22.7 ± SDage = 1.42; 50% female), we used a cross-sectional design to compare performance across athletic expertise (super-elite, elite, amateur, novice or non-athlete) and sport type (external-paced or self-paced). In Study 2 (Time 1 n = 106; Mage = 21.21 ± SDage = 3.87; 53% female and Time 2 n = 64; Mage = 21.18 ± SDage = 3.95; 44% female), we examined changes in reflection-impulsivity across a 16-week playing season. Study 1 showed more accurate and more efficient performance as athletic expertise increased. Study 2 revealed better effectiveness and efficiency following sport participation, a 16-week playing season, most notably in elite-level performers. No sport-type differences were noted. Taken together, the studies demonstrate an association between reflection-impulsivity and athletic expertise, while also providing evidence that competitive sports participation leads to efficient decisions based on reflection, without sacrificing accuracy, which is often a consequence of impulsive decision-making.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

European Journal of Sport Science

Volume

21

Issue

10

Pages

1436-1447

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© European College of Sport Science

Publisher statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 11 Jan 2021, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2020.1861106.

Acceptance date

2020-12-04

Publication date

2021-01-11

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

1746-1391

eISSN

1536-7290

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Robin Jackson. Deposit date: 7 December 2020

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