Reflection-impulsivity in athletes: a cross-sectional and longitudinal investigation
journal contributionposted on 2020-12-08, 15:51 authored by Robert S Vaughan, Jack D Hagyard, Elizabeth J Edwards, Robin JacksonRobin Jackson
Reflection-impulsivity is a dimension of cognitive or decision-making style. We conducted two quasi-experimental studies to examine reflection-impulsivity in athletes using an information sampling task. In Study 1 (n = 108; Mage = 22.7 ± SDage = 1.42; 50% female), we used a cross-sectional design to compare performance across athletic expertise (super-elite, elite, amateur, novice or non-athlete) and sport type (external-paced or self-paced). In Study 2 (Time 1 n = 106; Mage = 21.21 ± SDage = 3.87; 53% female and Time 2 n = 64; Mage = 21.18 ± SDage = 3.95; 44% female), we examined changes in reflection-impulsivity across a 16-week playing season. Study 1 showed more accurate and more efficient performance as athletic expertise increased. Study 2 revealed better effectiveness and efficiency following sport participation, a 16-week playing season, most notably in elite-level performers. No sport-type differences were noted. Taken together, the studies demonstrate an association between reflection-impulsivity and athletic expertise, while also providing evidence that competitive sports participation leads to efficient decisions based on reflection, without sacrificing accuracy, which is often a consequence of impulsive decision-making.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inEuropean Journal of Sport Science
PublisherTaylor & Francis
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© European College of Sport Science
Publisher statementThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 11 Jan 2021, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17461391.2020.1861106.