Loughborough University
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Reinventing refills: guidelines for design

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-07-24, 14:46 authored by Vicky LofthouseVicky Lofthouse, Rhoda Trimingham, Tracy Bhamra
This paper presents findings from a DEFRA funded collaborative research project run by Loughborough Design School in collaboration with Boots Alliance GmbH, and presents guidelines for design teams regarding the design of successful, sustainable, refillable packaging. The study focused on ‘body wash’ products in the area of personal care. A broad range of qualitative methods were used to create a background framework, develop design concepts and test the viability of the design solutions. Two concepts were turned into high fidelity prototypes and tested in multi-activity user focus groups. The prototypes were evaluated from an environmental perspective using the Eco Indicator 99. Discussion is focused around general findings regarding refillable packing and also on specific findings related to ‘concentrates mixed in the parent pack’. The findings from this study have increased understanding about the potential implications of refillable packaging and how it might be successfully utilised by business. A range of guidelines for the design of refills have been identified. Further a more detailed understanding of consumer perceptions, business challenges/opportunities and environmental savings associated with ‘concentrated refills that are mixed in the parent pack’, has been identified. It has been seen that to be successful refills must offer good quality; be very easy to use and appropriately delivered; be clearly communicated; be offered through a brand consumers like; and represent good value, whilst radically reducing the amount of packaging manufactured and distributed. Incorporating carefully considered consumer and environmental needs into the brief is critical to the successful development of refillable packaging.



  • Design

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Packaging Technology and Science








LOFTHOUSE, V.A., TRIMINGHAM, R.L. and BHAMRA, T.A. , 2017. Reinventing refills: guidelines for design. Packaging Technology and Science, 30(12), pp.809-818.




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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: LOFTHOUSE, V.A., TRIMINGHAM, R.L. and BHAMRA, T.A. , 2017. Reinventing refills: guidelines for design. Packaging Technology and Science, 30(12), pp.809-818., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pts.2337. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.




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