Loughborough University

File(s) under permanent embargo

Reason: Publisher requirement. Embargo date will be added after publication.

Reliability of anaerobic and aerobic mobility performance tests used in wheelchair rugby, wheelchair basketball, and wheelchair tennis: a systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-15, 16:21 authored by Erica Gavel, Heather Macrae, Vicky Goosey-TolfreyVicky Goosey-Tolfrey, Heather Logan-Sprenger

Background: Understanding the reliability and validity of field-based mobility and performance tests used within the wheelchair sports of basketball (WCB), rugby (WCR) and tennis (WCT) can assist in understanding an athletes' physiological state, training effects, and/or assist with optimising their wheelchair-user interface. Purpose: To examine, evaluate, and synthesize current aerobic and anaerobic field-based mobility and performance tests used in WCB, WCR, and WCT. Methods: A systematic search was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Studies were included if they investigated performance tests in WCB, WCR, and WCT and reported reliability. Results: 21 studies covering 45 mobility/performance tests were included (anaerobic, n=35; aerobic, n=10), with agility and repeated sprints (n=13) being the most common, followed by linear-sprints (n=11). Repeated sprint ability (n=2) and submaximal field-tests (n=2) were least frequent. Intra-class correlations among all tests ranged from 0.62-0.99, with agility and repeated sprints being 0.65-0.98, followed by values of 0.62-0.99 for linear-sprint, 0.96-0.99 for repeated sprints, and 0.85-0.97 for submaximal field-tests. Conclusion: The most frequently measured performance tests were anaerobic tests focusing on agility and repeated sprints. Given the low number of aerobic tests in WCB, WCR, and WCT, future research should focus on reliable and valid ways to measure and track performance.


Canadian Sport Institute Ontario



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Journal of Sports Sciences


Taylor & Francis


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Journal of Sports Sciences. [INCLUDE CITATION]. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Acceptance date







  • en


Prof Vicky Tolfrey. Deposit date: 14 September 2023