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Risk factors for possible dementia using the Hopkins verbal learning test and the mini-mental state examination in Shanghai

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posted on 29.06.2017, 12:42 by Xin Xu, Shifu Xiao, T.B. Rahardjo, Eef HogervorstEef Hogervorst
Using a combination of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), we investigated the prevalence of possible dementia (DEM) in community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai. Subsequently, we investigated significant risk factors for DEM and generated a DEM self-checklist for early DEM detection and case management. We found that among a total of 521 participants using a HVLT cut-off score of <19 and a MMSE cut-off score of <24, a total of 69 DEM cases were identified. Risk factors, such as advanced age (≥68 years), low education (no or primary level), self-reported history of hypertension, and self-reported subjective memory complaints (SMC) were significantly predictive of DEM. The presence of ≥3 out of four of the above mentioned risk factors can effectively discriminate DEM cases from non-DEM subjects.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Diagnostics

Volume

5

Issue

4

Pages

487 - 496

Citation

XU, X. ...et al., 2015. Risk factors for possible dementia using the Hopkins verbal learning test and the mini-mental state examination in Shangha. Diagnostics, 5(4), pp. 487-496.

Publisher

© the Authors. Published by MDPI AG

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI AG under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

eISSN

2075-4418

Language

en

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