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Roma as a political identity: Exploring representations of Roma in Europe

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journal contribution
posted on 30.07.2018, 13:42 by Aidan McGarryAidan McGarry
This article explores some of the myriad representations of Roma in Europe and argues that this proliferation makes it more difficult for policymakers to formulate coherent interventions, for academics to agree on a common conceptual language and for the majority to understand the inter-connected problems facing Roma communities. ‘Representations’ refers to how the community is understood by itself as well as by others. Whilst no community retains an uncontested image of itself and its identity, Roma communities have little or no control over how they are represented in the public sphere. Usually, representations of Roma originate and are sustained by non-Romani actors including international organisations, national governments and the majority. Of course, Roma communities have attempted to influence how they represent themselves externally to challenge negative stereotypes and internally, to raise a political consciousness and foster solidarity. Relatedly, the political representation of Roma is particularly important due to their weak political positioning in local, national and transnational contexts but also because it highlights the disparity between contested questions of who Roma are and devising policy interventions to address socio-economic and political exclusion. This article discusses a select number of prevalent Roma representations and links the representation of Roma identity to the public presence and agency of Romani communities.

History

School

  • Loughborough University London

Published in

Ethnicities

Volume

14

Issue

6

Pages

756 - 774

Citation

MCGARRY, A., 2014. Roma as a political identity: Exploring representations of Roma in Europe. Ethnicities, 14 (6), pp.756-774.

Publisher

SAGE © The Author

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2014-11-14

Notes

This paper was published in the journal Ethnicities and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1177/1468796814542182.

ISSN

1468-7968

eISSN

1741-2706

Language

en

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