Root cause identification and physics of impact-induced driveline noise in vehicular powertrain systems
journal contributionposted on 03.06.2009, 12:28 by Stephanos Theodossiades, M. Gnanakumarr, Homer Rahnejat
Numerical and experimental investigations shed light on the root causes leading to the emergence and persistence of an acute metallic noise in rear wheel drive light truck drivelines. Sudden demands in engine output torque combined with the presence of lash zones give rise to a phenomenon that is onomatopoeically referred to as clonk. Its multi physics nature requires a comprehensive study, which includes rigid multi-body dynamics, flexible body oscillations, and noise radiation computation. The verification of numerical results is achieved through the design and implementation of a transient dynamic experimental rig, which comprises the complete drivetrain from the engine flywheel to the rear axle. Parametric studies reveal high-frequency contributions in the driveline vibration response of certain structural modes of the driveshaft pieces, which are induced by remote impact of meshing transmission teeth through backlash. The numerically predicted spectrum of vibration is in good qualitative agreement with the experimental measurements. Combined study of the aforementioned results reveals the components that amplify the clonk noise.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering