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Scientific realism, the necessity of causal contact in measurement, and emergent variables

journal contribution
posted on 01.03.2022, 10:09 by John CadoganJohn Cadogan, Nick Lee
Design/methodology/approach
A reflective essay.
Purpose
To correct errors in, and comment on the claims made in the comment papers of Rigdon (in press) and Henseler and Schuberth (in press), and to tidy up any substantive oversights made in Cadogan and Lee (in press).
Findings
(1) In scientific realism, hypothetical causal contact between the unobserved and the observed is a key foundational stance, and as such, Rigdon’s CPF is inherently anti-realist in nature. (2) The suggestion that composite-creating statistical packages (such as PLS) can model emergent variables should be treated with skepticism by realists.
Research limitations/implications
Claims made by Rigdon regarding the realism of CPF are unfounded, and claims by Henseler and Schuberth regarding the universal suitability of PLS as a tool for use by researchers of all ontological stripes (see their Table 5) do not appear to be well-grounded.
Practical Implications
Realists should not use PLS.
Originality
The study assesses PLS using the Eleatic Principle, and examines Henseler and Schuberth’s version of emergent variables from an ontological perspective.

History

School

  • Business and Economics

Department

  • Business

Published in

European Journal of Marketing

Publisher

Emerald

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal European Journal of Marketing and the definitive published version is available at [insert DOI link]. This author accepted manuscript is deposited under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC) licence. This means that anyone may distribute, adapt, and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes, subject to full attribution. If you wish to use this manuscript for commercial purposes, please contact permissions@emerald.com.

Acceptance date

28/02/2022

ISSN

0309-0566

Language

en

Depositor

Prof John Cadogan. Deposit date: 28 February 2022