Medialdea_etal_2021_Severe accute malnutrition morphological patterns.pdf (1.66 MB)

Severe acute malnutrition morphological patterns in children under five

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2021, 08:36 by Laura Medialdea, Barry BoginBarry Bogin, Mbeugue Thiam, Antonio Vargas, María D Marrodán, Nicole I Dossou
Current methods for infant and child nutritional assessment rely on anthropometric measurements, whose implementation faces technical challenges in low- and middle-income countries. Anthropometry is also limited to linear measurements, ignoring important body shape information related to health. This work proposes the use of 2D geometric morphometric techniques applied to a sample of Senegalese participants aged 6–59 months with an optimal nutritional condition or with severe acute malnutrition to address morphometric variations due to nutritional status. Significant differences in shape and size body changes were described according to nutritional status, resulting age, sex and allometric effect crucial factors to establish nutritional morphological patterns. The constructed discriminant functions exhibited the best classification rates in the left arm. A landmark-based template registering body shape could be useful to both assess acute malnutrition and better understand the morphological patterns that nutritional status promotes in children during their first 5 years of growth and development.

Funding

Child Investment Funds Foundation and Action Against Hunger, Spain.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Scientific Reports

Volume

11

Issue

1

Publisher

Springer Nature

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Springer Nature under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

24/12/2020

Publication date

2021-02-19

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

2045-2322

eISSN

2045-2322

Language

en

Depositor

Prof Barry Bogin. Deposit date: 21 July 2021

Article number

4237

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