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Sociocultural influences on exercise behaviours and attitudes in adolescence_JPAH.pdf (263.45 kB)

Sociocultural influences on exercise behaviours and attitudes in adolescence

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-24, 09:27 authored by Kalli ReynoldsKalli Reynolds, Emma HaycraftEmma Haycraft, Carolyn PlateauCarolyn Plateau
Background
Research to date has identified a relationship between exercise in adolescence and four sociocultural influences: peers, family, media, and technology. Less is known, however, about the role that these sociocultural influences play in driving adolescents’ exercise behaviours and attitudes; particularly social media and fitness tracking technology use. This study aimed to investigate how and why sociocultural factors are linked to exercise behaviours and attitudes in adolescent boys and girls.
Methods
Eight focus groups were conducted in UK secondary schools with 55 12-16-year-old adolescents (M = 14.11; SD = 1.49; n = 27 females). Following transcription and thematic analysis, two key themes were identified: (1) exercise pressures; (2) modelling exercise behaviours and attitudes.
Results
Exercise pressures were reported to stem from parental and peer expectations around exercise, and from feeling pressure to meet externally prescribed fitness tracking technology goals. Adolescents also reported modelling the exercise behaviours of their parents or peers for social affiliation and as a means to achieve socially endorsed ‘ideal’ body types.
Conclusions
These findings highlight the need for exercise interventions to consider the importance of exercise-related messages from others and tendencies towards conformity as a result of sociocultural expectations around exercise in adolescents.

Funding

PhD studentship awarded by the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at Loughborough University, UK

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Volume

19

Issue

5

Pages

382-391

Publisher

Human Kinetics

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Human Kinetics, Inc

Publisher statement

Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2022, 19 (5): 382-391, https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2021-0797. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

Acceptance date

2022-03-23

Publication date

2022-04-21

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

1543-3080

eISSN

1543-5474

Language

  • en

Depositor

Prof Emma Haycraft. Deposit date: 23 March 2022

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