BadeaRomero 2013 Source of head injury.pdf (1014.46 kB)
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Source of head injury for pedestrians and pedal cyclists: striking vehicle or road?

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journal contribution
posted on 29.06.2016, 13:49 authored by Alexandra Badea-Romero, James Lenard
The potential effectiveness of vehicle-based secondary safety systems for the protection of pedestrians and pedal cyclists is related to the proportion of cases where injury arises by contact with the road or ground rather than with the striking vehicle. A detailed case review of 205 accidents from the UK On-the-Spot study involving vulnerable road users with head injuries or impacts indicated that contact with the road was responsible in 110 cases. The vehicle however was associated with a majority of more serious casualties: 31 (vehicle) compared with 26 (road) at AIS 2+ head injury level and 20 (vehicle) compared with 13 (road) at AIS 3+ level. Further analysis using a multivariate classification model identified several factors that correlated with the source of injury, namely the type of interaction between the striking vehicle and vulnerable road user, the age of the vulnerable road user and the nature of injury.

Funding

The On-the-Spot project was funded by the Department for Transport and the Highways Agency. Support for this analysis was also provided by the Madrid Regional Ministry of Education and the European Social Fund through the Research Personnel Support Program of Madrid Autonomous Community.

History

School

  • Design

Published in

Accident Analysis & Prevention

Volume

50

Pages

1140 - 1150

Citation

BADEA-ROMERO, A. and LENARD, J., 2013. Source of head injury for pedestrians and pedal cyclists: striking vehicle or road? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 50, pp. 1140 - 1150.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2013

Notes

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal, Accident Analysis and Prevention. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.024

ISSN

0001-4575

Language

en