Starving your performance? Reduced preexercise hunger increases resistance exercise performance
Preexercise food intake enhances exercise performance due, in part, to the provision of exogenous carbohydrate. Food intake also suppresses hunger, but the specific influence of hunger on exercise performance has not been investigated. This study aimed to manipulate hunger by altering preexercise meal viscosity to examine whether hunger influences performance.
Sixteen resistance-trained males completed 2 experimental trials ingesting either high viscosity semisolid (SEM) and low viscosity liquid (LIQ) carbohydrate-containing meals 2 hours before performing 4 sets of back squat (85  kg) and bench press (68  kg) to failure at 90% 10-repetition maximum. Subjective hunger/fullness as well as plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, ghrelin, and peptide tyrosine-tyrosine were measured before and periodically after the meal. Repetitions completed in sets were used to determine exercise performance.
Hunger was lower, and fullness was greater during SEM compared with LIQ immediately before and during exercise (P < .05). Total repetitions completed for back squat were approximately 10% greater in SEM (SEM 57 ; LIQ 51  repetitions; P = .001) with no difference in bench press repetitions (SEM 48 ; LIQ 48  repetitions; P = .621). Postprandial glucose concentrations were greater during LIQ (12% increase in peak glucose) but were similar throughout exercise.
This study demonstrates that exercise performance in back squat was increased in the SEM trial concomitant to a reduction in hunger. Therefore, this study provides novel data that suggest that exercise performance might be influenced by hunger, at least for resistance exercise.
University of Malaya
CSES research grant (GPF020F-2020)
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Pages458 - 464
PublisherHuman Kinetics, Inc.
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© Human Kinetics, Inc
Publisher statementAccepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2022, 17, 3, 458-464, available from: < https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0166>. © Human Kinetics, Inc.