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Strategies and behaviors used by mothers in interactions with their young children during a mealtime in peri-urban areas of Huánuco, Peru

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posted on 2022-08-25, 11:52 authored by Sissy Espinoza-Bernardo, Rosario Bartolini, Hilary Creed Kanashiro, Doris Delgado-Pérez, Emma HaycraftEmma Haycraft

This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding about different strategies used by mothers to feed their 6-23-month-old children, as well as to learn about mothers’ behaviors in response to situations of food refusal by her child, in order to generate evidence that contributes to the information gap on responsive feeding in Peru. The study was conducted in the city of Huánuco, a peri-urban area of Peru, with mothers of children in the complementary feeding stage participating. An in-depth 5-hour home observation was conducted in eight mother-child dyads. Both the mothers’ and children’s mealtime and food-related behaviors were coded and an inductive thematic analysis was applied. The primary objective of many of the strategies used by the mothers was to get their child to eat a little more. Six strategies were identified: pressure, encouragement, facilitating intake, acceptance, negotiation and reasoning. Certain differences were found in the strategies employed by the mother according to the age of her child, with mothers of younger children using more encouragement and mothers of older children using more pressure for their child to eat. The mothers’ behavior in response to the child's refusal of food was both responsive and non-responsive (controlling), depending on the reason for the refusal. The findings are of great value for understanding about the feeding interactions of mother-child dyads in Peru and they start to address the information gap and can support the development of nutritional intervention strategies for use with children. 

Funding

New strategies to reduce anaemia and risk of overweight and obesity through complementary feeding of infants and young children in Peru

Medical Research Council

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CONCYTEC/FONDECYT Perú (032-2019)

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Dialogues in Health

Volume

1

Issue

2022

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© Elsevier

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

2022-08-08

Publication date

2022-08-11

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

2772-6533

Language

  • en

Depositor

Prof Emma Haycraft. Deposit date: 12 August 2022

Article number

100034

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