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Structural response of simple partially-clad steel frames to long-duration blast loading

journal contribution
posted on 05.03.2021, 10:19 by Laura Cannon, Simon Clubley
Typically defined as having a positive phase duration in excess of 100ms, long duration blast events generate significant impulse and dynamic pressures fundamentally exerting damaging drag loads on steel frames. Large scale blast waves have the capability to completely engulf entire buildings resulting in considerable damage to a multitude of structural members. Most literature investigating steel structural response to long duration events considers only isolated column elements, which neglects frame interaction effects. Isolated column response is dependent upon applied blast pressures and section strength, both of which vary with orientation. Isolated column studies often assume cladding is removed instantly upon blast wave arrival. Despite current guidelines, some systems are not frangible or designed to break away instantly resulting in an undesirable partial cladding removal that can increase load on critical elements. Importantly this study investigates the structural response of two partially-clad simple steel frames to long duration blast at two angles of orientation. Results are compared to understand the effect on frame response and correlated with equivalent isolated column damage to determine the effects of frame interaction and partial cladding removal.

Funding

UK EPSRC

AWE plc

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

Structures

Volume

32

Pages

1260 - 1270

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Crown Copyright

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Structures and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2021.03.024.

Acceptance date

04/03/2021

Publication date

2021-04-04

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

2352-0124

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Simon Clubley. Deposit date: 4 March 2021