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Synergistic DFT-guided design and microfluidic synthesis of high-performance ion-imprinted biosorbents for selective heavy metal removal
journal contributionposted on 04.08.2021, 11:13 by Bingjie Wang, Jin XuanJin Xuan, Xiaoyong Yang, Zhishan Bai
International water security has become unprecedentedly complicated, therefore, effective and selective removal of hazardous materials, especially toxic heavy metal ions, are significant for effluent purification. In this regard, ion-imprinted polymers with special recognition cavities have received much attention. However, configuration screening and performance optimization of functional materials by trial-and-error design method is undoubtedly time- and money-consuming. In this study, high-performance ion-imprinted chitosan microspheres (ICSMs) were successfully designed via density functional theory (DFT) calculation and synthesized via facile microfluidic technology. As-synthesized ICSMs exhibited highly uniform morphology (Dav = 420.6 µm, CV = 3.6%) and ultra-high adsorption capacity (qmax = 107.12 mg g−1). The adsorption isotherm was best fitted to the Langmuir model while the kinetic data followed the pseudo-second order model, indicating a dominant role of chemisorptions. Also, ICSMs displayed satisfactory stability and reusability (95.34 mg g−1, after 5 cycles). Moreover, the selective adsorption mechanism was quantitative revealed by electronegativity, electrophilicity index, adsorption energy (Ea) and bond length. This study is expected to lay a foundation for high-performance biosorbents design and synthesis for future water remediation.
National Natural Science Foundation of China (22078102), Shanghai Sailing Program (20YF1409800) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2019TQ0094, 2020M671032).
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Chemical Engineering