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clifford_The Mediterranean dietary pattern for optimising health and performance in competitive athletes - A narrative review - Second resubmission.pdf (364.39 kB)

The Mediterranean dietary pattern for optimising health and performance in competitive athletes: A narrative review

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-08-24, 08:45 authored by Alex Griffiths, Jamie Matu, Eleanor Whyte, Petros Akin-Nibosun, Tom CliffordTom Clifford, Emma Stevenson, Oliver M Shannon
Abstract Nutrition plays a key role in training for, and competing in, competitive sport, and is essential for reducing risk of injury and illness, recovering and adapting between bouts of activity, and enhancing performance. Consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been demonstrated to reduce risk of various non-communicable diseases and increase longevity. Following the key principles of a MedDiet could also represent a useful framework for good nutrition in competitive athletes under most circumstances, with potential benefits for health and performance parameters. In this review, we discuss the potential effects of a MedDiet, or individual foods and compounds readily available in this dietary pattern, on oxidative stress and inflammation, injury and illness risk, vascular and cognitive function, and exercise performance in competitive athletes. We also highlight potential modifications which could be made to the MedDiet (whilst otherwise adhering to the key principles of this dietary pattern) in accordance with contemporary sports nutrition practices, to maximise health and performance effects. In addition, we discuss potential directions for future research.

Funding

UK Nutrition Research Partnership (UK NRP)

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (E.S., MR/T001852/1)

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

British Journal of Nutrition

Volume

128

Issue

7

Pages

1285 - 1298

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© The authors

Publisher statement

This article has been published in a revised form in British Journal of Nutrition https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114521003202. This version is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND. No commercial re-distribution or re-use allowed. Derivative works cannot be distributed. © The Authors.

Acceptance date

2021-08-17

Publication date

2021-08-23

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

0007-1145

eISSN

1475-2662

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Tom Clifford. Deposit date: 23 August 2021

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