The effect of cornering on the aerodynamics of a multi-element wing in ground effect
This research investigates the effects of cornering on a multi-element wing in ground effect with the aim to improve the understanding of such in the effort to improve the performance of open-wheel race cars. A numerical validation study was performed to confirm the validity of the Detached Eddy Simulation CFD methodology used. This involved comparing numerical data with wind tunnel experimental data using a force balance and PIV for the velocity field to reveal the trajectory of the trailing vortex system. Once validated, the CFD was used to test the wing within a cornering condition as well as fixed yaw condition and its aerodynamic performance relative to the straight-line condition was analysed. Asymmetry was the general theme concerning the on-surface pressure distribution with this most prominent under the cornering condition. Ultimately, minimal change was observed regarding the downforce generated whilst drag was found to increase in the cornering condition and decrease slightly in the fixed yaw condition. Asymmetry was also observed in the wake of the wing where alterations to the relative strengths of the vortices was observed as well as their downstream paths which was generally governed by the direction of the freestream flow.
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Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Use of Athena at HPC Midlands+, funded by the EPSRC on grant EP/P 020232/1.
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering