The effect of immediacy of expected goal feedback on persistence in a physical task
journal contributionposted on 2023-03-06, 14:28 authored by Christopher Gunn, Chris Englert, Fabienne Ennigkeit, Ian TaylorIan Taylor
Minimizing the temporal gap between behavior and reward enhances persistence, but the effect of other outcomes is unknown. Two concurrently run studies aimed to investigate whether persistence on a physical task would be influenced according to whether participants expected immediate versus delayed goal feedback. Furthermore, whether this effect occurs via intrinsic motivation (Studies 1 and 2) or delaying the desire–goal conflict (Study 2) was examined. Using a counterbalanced within-person design, 34 participants in each study (Study 1: 16 males, 18 females; Study 2: 15 males, 19 females) completed two wall-sit persistence tasks, one with immediate feedback expected (regarding the participant’s position on a leader board) and the other with feedback expected to be provided 1 week later. A two-way mixed analysis of variance found no significant differences in persistence between conditions in either study. Furthermore, no indirect effects were found via intrinsic motivation or delayed desire–goal conflict. Study findings did not support the hypothesis that the timing of expected feedback enhances persistence.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Pages41 - 48
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© Human Kinetics, Inc.
Publisher statementAccepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2023, 45 (1): 41-48, https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2022-0038. © Human Kinetics, Inc.