The effects of fuel dilution in a natural-gas direct-injection engine
journal contributionposted on 22.07.2009, 13:10 by G.P. McTaggart-Cowan, S.N. Rogak, P.G. Hill, S.R. Munshi, W.K. Bushe
This study reports the effects of fuelling a heavy-duty single-cylinder research engine with pilot-ignited late-cycle direct-injected natural gas diluted with 0, 20, and 40 per cent nitrogen. The combustion duration is unaffected while its intensity is reduced and its stability is increased. Emissions of nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, hydrocarbons, and carbon monoxide are all reduced, with no effect on the engine’s performance and efficiency. The results indicate the benefits of increased in-cylinder turbulence and are of particular relevance when considering fuel composition variations with non-conventional sources of gaseous fuels.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering