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The effects of organizational and individual factors on occupational accidents

journal contribution
posted on 09.04.2019, 08:52 by Amparo Oliver, Alistair Cheyne, Jose Manual Tomas, Sue Cox
This study examined the relationships between individual psychological, work environment and organizational variables and occupational accidents using structural equation modelling with latent variables. A series of nested explicative models of the relationships between these variables was derived. Data were collected from a wide range of industrial sectors in the Valencia region of Spain using structured interviews. In total, 525 valid questionnaires were completed and these formed the basis for the subsequent analyses. Analysis showed that the model in the series that proposed relationships between all the latent variables provided the best representation of the data. This supported the broad hypothesis that each of the variables has an effect on accidents and also showed that the individual level variables, including safe behaviour and general heath, mediate the indirect effects from the organizational variables. The final model showed that individual safe behaviour is strongly predicted within the model, although it is mainly related to organizational involvement in safety and not directly to perceptions of the physical work environment. An important role is played in the final model by participants' evaluations of organizational involvement in safety and this is consistent with earlier work highlighting the importance of management commitment to, and action on, safety issues. Finally, the model supported the proposal that stress processes mediate the effects of both organizational and environmental variables.

Funding

This work was partially supported by a Spanish Government grant BS02001-2904 (Programa Sectorial de Promocion General del Conocimiento).

History

School

  • Business and Economics

Department

  • Business

Published in

Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology

Volume

75

Issue

4

Pages

473 - 488

Citation

OLIVER, A. ... et al, 2002. The effects of organizational and individual factors on occupational accidents. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75 (4), pp.473-488.

Publisher

Wiley © The British Psychological Society

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2002

Notes

This paper is closed access.

ISSN

0963-1798

Language

en

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