2007 Hodder and Parsons The effect of solar radiation on thermal comfort (1).pdf (379.72 kB)

The effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort

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journal contribution
posted on 16.08.2021, 10:34 by Simon HodderSimon Hodder, Ken Parsons
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between simulated solar radiation and thermal comfort. Three studies investigated the effects of (1) the intensity of direct simulated solar radiation, (2) spectral content of simulated solar radiation and (3) glazing type on human thermal sensation responses. Eight male subjects were exposed in each of the three studies. In Study 1, subjects were exposed to four levels of simulated solar radiation: 0, 200, 400 and 600 Wm-2. In Study 2, subjects were exposed to simulated solar radiation with four different spectral contents, each with a total intensity of 400 Wm-2 on the subject. In Study 3, subjects were exposed through glass to radiation caused by 1,000 Wm-2 of simulated solar radiation on the exterior surface of four different glazing types. The environment was otherwise thermally neutral where there was no direct radiation, predicted mean vote (PMV)=0±0.5, [International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard 7730]. Ratings of thermal sensation, comfort, stickiness and preference and measures of mean skin temperature (tsk) were taken. Increase in the total intensity of simulated solar radiation rather than the specific wavelength of the radiation is the critical factor affecting thermal comfort. Thermal sensation votes showed that there was a sensation scale increase of 1 scale unit for each increase of direct radiation of around 200 Wm-2. The specific spectral content of the radiation has no direct effect on thermal sensation. The results contribute to models for determining the effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort in vehicles, buildings and outdoors. © 2006 ISB.

Funding

Brite Euram funded project BRPR-CT97-0450

History

School

  • Design and Creative Arts

Department

  • Design

Published in

International Journal of Biometeorology

Volume

51

Issue

(3)

Pages

233 - 250

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© ISB 2006

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal International Journal of Biometeorology and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-006-0050-y

Acceptance date

27/04/2006

Publication date

2006-08-29

Copyright date

2007

Notes

This paper presents results concerned with the contribution of the sun to thermal comfort. As well as providing fundamental knowledge, it has applications in both vehicles and buildings and has been adopted by vehicle manufacturers (Fiat, Renault, and Rover).

ISSN

1432-1254

eISSN

1432-1254

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Simon Hodder. Deposit date: 13 August 2021