The effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort
journal contributionposted on 2021-08-16, 10:34 authored by Simon HodderSimon Hodder, Ken Parsons
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between simulated solar radiation and thermal comfort. Three studies investigated the effects of (1) the intensity of direct simulated solar radiation, (2) spectral content of simulated solar radiation and (3) glazing type on human thermal sensation responses. Eight male subjects were exposed in each of the three studies. In Study 1, subjects were exposed to four levels of simulated solar radiation: 0, 200, 400 and 600 Wm-2. In Study 2, subjects were exposed to simulated solar radiation with four different spectral contents, each with a total intensity of 400 Wm-2 on the subject. In Study 3, subjects were exposed through glass to radiation caused by 1,000 Wm-2 of simulated solar radiation on the exterior surface of four different glazing types. The environment was otherwise thermally neutral where there was no direct radiation, predicted mean vote (PMV)=0±0.5, [International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard 7730]. Ratings of thermal sensation, comfort, stickiness and preference and measures of mean skin temperature (tsk) were taken. Increase in the total intensity of simulated solar radiation rather than the specific wavelength of the radiation is the critical factor affecting thermal comfort. Thermal sensation votes showed that there was a sensation scale increase of 1 scale unit for each increase of direct radiation of around 200 Wm-2. The specific spectral content of the radiation has no direct effect on thermal sensation. The results contribute to models for determining the effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort in vehicles, buildings and outdoors. © 2006 ISB.
Brite Euram funded project BRPR-CT97-0450
- Design and Creative Arts
Published inInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Pages233 - 250
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
VersionAM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© ISB 2006
Publisher statementThis paper was accepted for publication in the journal International Journal of Biometeorology and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-006-0050-y
NotesThis paper presents results concerned with the contribution of the sun to thermal comfort. As well as providing fundamental knowledge, it has applications in both vehicles and buildings and has been adopted by vehicle manufacturers (Fiat, Renault, and Rover).
DepositorDr Simon Hodder. Deposit date: 13 August 2021
Read the paper on the publisher website
thermal sensationsolar radiationspectral contentradiation intensityglazingScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePhysical SciencesBiophysicsEnvironmental SciencesMeteorology & Atmospheric SciencesPhysiologyEnvironmental Sciences & EcologyOUTDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL-CONDITIONSMATHEMATICAL PREDICTION MODELHEAT LOADTEMPERATURERESPONSESADJUSTMENTVALIDATIONEXERCISEBALANCEHumansBody TemperatureWhole-Body IrradiationRadiation DosageSensationSolar EnergyDose-Response Relationship, RadiationAdultMaleOther Physical SciencesPublic Health and Health ServicesAtmospheric Sciences