The impact of accurately modelling corridor thermodynamics in the overheating risk assessment of multi-residential dwellings
journal contributionposted on 19.08.2020, 08:36 by Kostas Mourkos, Christina Hopfe, Rob McLeod, Chris Goodier, Michael Swainson
Prolonged overheating can have serious cumulative effects on human health, resulting in heat exhaustion, heatstroke and even death. The frequency and severity of heatwaves will increase considerably in the future as a result of accelerating climatic changes compounded by increasing urbanisation. A recent overheating risk-assessment methodology, Technical Memorandum (TM)59: 2017 was developed by the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) to address this problem, by providing a consistent framework for the evaluation of overheating risks in new homes. TM59 has for the first time highlighted the importance of including corridor heat transfer effects in the dynamic modelling of multi-residential dwellings. This paper investigates the strengths and limitations of current approaches to the modelling of corridors, based on a case study of three energy-efficient flats located in London. The results of modelling in accordance with TM59 guidance are compared with alternative approaches, using more realistic occupancy and weather information, and compared to empirically measured data. The findings of this study indicate that current practices in Building Performance Simulation (BPS) are likely to under-estimate the actual air temperatures in corridors. This study highlights the need for further research into the way in which corridors, flats and their interconnecting ventilation and heat transfer networks are commonly discretised in BPS models.
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- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering