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The mechanism of the air-jet texturing: the role of wetting, spin finish and friction in forming and fixing loops

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journal contribution
posted on 10.11.2015, 09:45 by Memis Acar, Sule Bilgin, Hendrik VersteegHendrik Versteeg, N. Dani, W. Oxenham
A comprehensive review of the roles played by the airflow, wetting and spin finish on the air-jet texturing process is given. An experimental investigation of the air-jet texturing process using residual spin finish, yarn-to-yarn static and kinetic friction, filament strength, filament diameter, and on-line tension measurements and high-speed cine-photography is reported. Filament yarn motion in different regions of the texturing nozzle during dry and wet texturing is analysed. It is found that water acts as lubricant to reduce friction between the filaments in the wet texturing process as the filament yarn travels through the nozzle enabling easier relative motion of the filaments resulting in enhanced entanglement. Wet texturing also reduces spin finish on the yarn surface, which in turn, causes an increase in static friction between the filaments of the textured yarn resulting in better fixing of the loops and consequently superior yarns.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL

Volume

76

Issue

2

Pages

116 - 125 (10)

Citation

ACAR, M. ...et al., 2006. The mechanism of the air-jet texturing: the role of wetting, spin finish and friction in forming and fixing loops. Textile Research Journal, 76(2), pp. 116-125.

Publisher

© Sage

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2006

Notes

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Textile Research Journal and the definitive published version is available at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0040517506062614

ISSN

0040-5175

Language

en