The_Legacies_of_Rebel_Governance__Author_version.pdf (1.98 MB)
The political legacies of rebel rule: Evidence from a natural experiment in Côte d'Ivoire
journal contributionposted on 2022-01-28, 14:04 authored by Philip Martin, Giulia PiccolinoGiulia Piccolino, Jeremy Speight
How does exposure to rebel rule affect citizens’ political attitudes after armed conflicts end? We combine original survey data from Cˆote d’Ivoire with a natural experiment based on the arbitrary location of a ceasefire boundary to estimate the effects of exposure to rebel rule by the Forces Nouvelles (FN) on Ivorians’ sense of democratic citizenship. Our findings show that individuals in communities ruled by the FN held more negative attitudes about local government institutions seven years after the reunification of the country, held weaker commitments to civic obligations, and were more likely to condone extralegal actions. The effects of rebel rule are larger than the effects of extreme lived poverty, and appear among both rebel coethnics and non-coethnics. Using qualitative and survey evidence we propose three theoretical mechanisms to explain why exposure to rebel rule weakened citizen-state relations: disrupted norms of compliance with state-like authorities, the formation of local self-help institutions leading to negative assessments of the redeployed state, and resentment due to unmet expectations of economic recovery. Our study informs debates about the links between war, citizenship, and statebuilding.
- Social Sciences and Humanities
- International Relations, Politics and History
Published inComparative Political Studies
Pages1439 - 1470
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© The authors
Publisher statementThis paper was accepted for publication in the journal Comparative Political Studies and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1177/00104140211047409.Users who receive access to an article through a repository are reminded that the article is protected by copyright and reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses. Users may also download and save a local copy of an article accessed in an institutional repository for the user's personal reference. For permission to reuse an article, please follow our Process for Requesting Permission.