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The relationship between multidimensional motivation and endocrine-related responses: a systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 17.02.2021, 08:59 by Richard P Steel, Nicolette BishopNicolette Bishop, Ian TaylorIan Taylor
Multidimensional motivational theories postulate that the type of motivation is as important as the quantity of motivation, with implications for human functioning and well-being. An extensive amount of research has explored how constructs contained within these theories relate to the activation of the endocrine system. However, research is fragmented across several theories, and determining the current state of the science is complicated. In line with contemporary trends for theoretical integration, this systematic review aims to evaluate the association between multidimensional motivational constructs and endocrine-related responses to determine which theories are commonly used and what inferences can be made. Forty-one studies were identified incorporating five distinct motivation theories and multiple endocrine-related responses. There was evidence across several theories that high-quality motivation attenuated the cortisol response in evaluative environments. There was also evidence that motivational needs for power and affiliation were associated with lower and higher levels of salivary immunoglobulin A, respectively. The need for power may play a role in increasing testosterone when winning a contest; however, this evidence was not conclusive. Overall, this review can shape the future integration of motivational theories by characterizing the nature of physiological responses to motivational processes and examining the implications for well-being.

Funding

National Institute for Health Research

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Perspectives on Psychological Science

Volume

16

Issue

3

Pages

614-638

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by SAGE under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Publication date

2021-01-29

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

1745-6916

eISSN

1745-6924

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Ian Taylor. Deposit date: 16 February 2021