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The Resolution of Civil Wars Changing International Norms of Peace-Making and the Academic Consensus.pdf (783.8 kB)

The resolution of civil wars: changing international norms of peace-making and the academic consensus

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-15, 14:08 authored by Giulia PiccolinoGiulia Piccolino

Since the end of the Cold War, the belief that the international community has a responsibility to support negotiated solutions to civil wars has exercised an enduring influence on research and policy making. However, this belief has relatively recent roots. This article looks at how changing international norms have influenced the way academic researchers view civil wars and expect them to end. The lack of interest in solving internal conflicts during the Cold War was matched among academics by a focus on other security issues and a belief that most civil wars could not be negotiated, although a minority of scholars disagreed. After the Cold War, a new international regime for solving civil wars has emerged, with the active support of a large share of the academic community. However, scholars have also criticised the way Western priorities have shaped liberal peace-making attempts and reflected on the assumptions underlying international conflict resolution. Paradoxically, while the academic community has become increasingly optimistic, the post-Cold War approach has fallen into crisis, due to geopolitical transformations and a change in the nature of contemporary insurgencies. At the end of this article, I suggest new avenues for research in the changing international order.

History

School

  • Social Sciences and Humanities

Department

  • International Relations, Politics and History

Published in

Civil Wars

Volume

25

Issue

2-3

Pages

290 - 316

Publisher

Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Author(s)

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

2023-08-16

Publication date

2023-12-15

Copyright date

2023

ISSN

1369-8249

eISSN

1743-968X

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Giulia Piccolino. Deposit date: 15 December 2023

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