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The twenty-first century Arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres

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journal contribution
posted on 14.02.2017, 11:22 by Richard Hodgkins
The Arctic possesses distinctive environmental characteristics that act as strong, positive feedbacks on atmospheric warming; in fact, it is almost uniquely susceptible to rapid change brought about through climate warming from both natural and anthropogenic sources. The aim of this commentary is to outline recent and probable future environmental changes in the Arctic. It commences with a consideration of rates of change through the satellite era in air temperatures, sea ice extent, snow cover and the state of balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet. This is subsequently set against fluctuations over previous centuries and millennia. From this observational basis, the commentary moves on to consider factors which particularly amplify rates of change in high northern latitudes, before addressing further feedbacks which may become important, and how Arctic changes may proceed up to the year 2100.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Geographical Journal

Volume

180

Issue

4

Pages

429 - 436

Citation

HODGKINS, R., 2014. The twenty-first century arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres. Geographical Journal, 180 (4), pp.429-436.

Publisher

John Wiley & Sons (© Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers)

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: HODGKINS, R., 2014. The twenty-first century arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres. Geographical Journal, 180 (4), pp.429-436, which has been published in final form at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12112. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

ISSN

0016-7398

eISSN

1475-4959

Language

en

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