The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the management of non-union fractures
journal contributionposted on 06.01.2021, 17:04 by Christian Andersen, Nicholas Wragg, Maryam Shariatzadeh, Sammy Wilson
Purpose of Review The treatment of non-union fractures represents a significant challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. In recent years, biologic agents have been investigated and utilised to support and improve bone healing. Among these agents, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an emerging strategy that is gaining popularity. The aim of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding the application and clinical effectiveness of PRP injections, specifically for the treatment of non-union fractures. Recent Findings The majority of published studies reported that PRP accelerated fracture healing; however, this evidence was predominantly level IV. The lack of randomised, clinical trials (level I–II evidence) is currently hampering the successful clinical translation of PRP as a therapy for non-union fractures. This is despite the positive reports regarding its potential to heal non-union fractures, when used in isolation or in combination with other forms of treatment. Summary Future recommendations to facilitate clinical translation and acceptance of PRP as a therapy include the need to investigate the effects of administering higher volumes of PRP (i.e. 5–20 mL) along with the requirement for more prolonged (> 11 months) randomised clinical trials.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering