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The zonal and seasonal CO2 marginal emissions factors for the Italian power market

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journal contribution
posted on 17.08.2021, 16:00 authored by Filippo Beltrami, Fulvio Fontini, Monica GiuliettiMonica Giulietti, Luigi Grossi
This paper estimates the seasonal and zonal CO2 marginal emissions factors (MEFs) from electricity production in the Italian electricity system. The inclusion of the zonal configuration of the Italian wholesale power market leads to a complete measurement of marginal emission factors which takes into account the heterogeneous distribution of RES power plants, their penetration rate and their variability within the zonal power generation mix. This article relies on a flexible econometric approach that includes the fractional cointegration methodology to incorporate the typical features of long-memory processes into the estimation of MEFs. We find high variability in annual MEFs estimated at the zonal level. Sardinia reports the highest MEF (0.7189 tCO2/MWh), followed by the Center South (0.7022 tCO2/MWh), the Center North (0.4236 tCO2/MWh), the North (0.2018 tCO2/MWh) and Sicily (0.146 tCO2/MWh). The seasonal analysis also shows a large variability of MEFs in each zone across time. The heterogeneity of results leads us to recommend that policymakers consider the zonal configuration of the power market and the large seasonal variability related to carbon emissions and electricity generation when designing incentives for Renewable Energy Sources (RES) expansion and for achieving emission reduction targets.

Funding

Energy Transactions for Non-Traditional Services (EnTraNTS)

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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History

School

  • Business and Economics

Department

  • Economics

Published in

Environmental and Resource Economics

Publisher

Springer (part of Springer Nature)

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Environmental and Resource Economics. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-021-00567-9.

Acceptance date

29/04/2021

Publication date

2021-06-01

Copyright date

2021

ISSN

0924-6460

eISSN

1573-1502

Language

en

Depositor

Prof Monica Giulietti. Deposit date: 30 April 2021